Tuesday, 31 December 2019

List of Cloud Management Platform Labs from VMware HOL Online

Making a start with my Studying for the VCP-CMA 2020 Certification first port of call is the VMware Hands-On-Labs.
The vRealize labs are mostly in the catalog ‘Cloud Management Platform’ (vRealize Automation, Operations and other vRealize Suite products):

At the time of checking (31 Dec 2019) there are 17 labs in this category. Where to start?

Image: VMware HOL Online - Cloud Management Platform

Below is my list ‘Complete CMP Hands-On-Labs List (17 HOLs)’ -
- and further below ‘My Suggested Ordered List for the VCP-CMA 2020 (8 HOLs)’ -
- and ‘Things I’m not doing for the VCP-CMA 2020 (Things I Might Do Later) (9 HOLs)’.

Lab Details (all labs are the same)

Time Limit: 1 hour 30 minutes
Valid Period: 2 hours
Exit Allowed: No
End Allowed: Yes

Complete CMP Hands-On-Labs List (17 HOLs)

Note: A Module Level can be either Beginning, Intermediate, or Advanced.

HOL-2001-01-CMP - vRealize Operations 7.5 - What's New
Modules: 7 - BBBBBBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-02-CMP - vRealize Operations - Optimize the Performance of Your vSphere Environment
Modules: 3 - BBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-03-CMP - vRealize Operations – Optimize and Plan vSphere Capacity and Costs
Modules: 5 - BBBBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-04-CMP - Troubleshooting, Remediation and Compliance with vRealize Operations
Modules: 5 - IIIIB (Median I)
Products: vRealize Log Insight, vRealize Operations (vROps), vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2001-05-CMP - vRealize Operations Advanced Topics
Modules: 6 - IIIIII (Median I)
Products: PowerCLI, vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-91-ISM-HOL - vRealize Operations 8 - What's New - Lightning Lab
Modules: 3 - BBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2002-01-CMP - Wavefront by VMware - Real-Time Metrics Analytics
Modules: 5 - BBIIA (Median I)
Products: VMware Wavefront

HOL-2002-02-CMP - Network Insight and vRealize Network Insight - Getting Started
Modules: 6 - BBBIII (Median B/I)
Products: Network Insight

HOL-2006-01-CMP - vRealize Suite - Making Private Cloud Easy
Modules: 4 - BBBB (Median B)
Products: NSX, vRealize Automation (vRA), vRealize Log Insight, vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2006-02-CMP - vRealize Suite - Integrated Troubleshooting
Modules: 4 - BIAA (Median I/A)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA), vRealize Log Insight, vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2006-03-CMP - vRealize Suite Life Cycle Manager
Modules: 8 - BBBBBIIA (Median B)
Products: vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager

HOL-2021-01-CMP - vRealize Automation - Getting Started
Modules: 4 - BBBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA)

HOL-2021-02-CMP - vRealize Automation - Advanced Topics
Modules: 3 - III (Median I)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA)

HOL-2021-03-CMP - vRealize Automation - Advanced Extensibility
Modules: 6 - AAAAAA (Median A)
Products: Infoblox, Puppet Labs, vRealize Automation (vRA)

HOL-2021-04-CMP - vRealize Orchestrator - Getting Started
Modules: 6 - BBIIII (Median I)
Products: vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2021-05-CMP - vRealize Orchestrator - Advanced Topics
Modules: 6 - AAAAAA (Median A)
Products: vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2021-91-ISM - vRealize Automation 8 - What’s New - Lightning Lab
Modules: 3 - III (Median I)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA)

My Suggested Ordered List for the VCP-CMA 2020 (8 HOLs)

The VCP-CMA 2019 was achieved by passing the exam 2V0-31.19 Professional VMware vRealize Automation 7.6. So, it makes sense to focus on vRealize Automation labs. The docs.vmware.com list in the exam blueprint also mentions: vRealize Business 7.6, vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager, vRealize Orchestrator 7.6 - so we’ll have some of those labs too.

Prioritizing vRealize Automation > vReailize Orchestrator > vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager. Prioritizing Beginner > Intermediate > Advanced.

HOL-2021-01-CMP - vRealize Automation - Getting Started
Modules: 4 - BBBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA)

HOL-2006-01-CMP - vRealize Suite - Making Private Cloud Easy
Modules: 4 - BBBB (Median B)
Products: NSX, vRealize Automation (vRA), vRealize Log Insight, vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2021-91-ISM - vRealize Automation 8 - What’s New - Lightning Lab
Modules: 3 - III (Median I)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA)

HOL-2021-02-CMP - vRealize Automation - Advanced Topics
Modules: 3 - III (Median I)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA)

HOL-2021-04-CMP - vRealize Orchestrator - Getting Started
Modules: 6 - BBIIII (Median I)
Products: vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2006-02-CMP - vRealize Suite - Integrated Troubleshooting
Modules: 4 - BIAA (Median I/A)
Products: vRealize Automation (vRA), vRealize Log Insight, vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2006-03-CMP - vRealize Suite Life Cycle Manager
Modules: 8 - BBBBBIIA (Median B)
Products: vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager

HOL-2021-03-CMP - vRealize Automation - Advanced Extensibility
Modules: 6 - AAAAAA (Median A)
Products: Infoblox, Puppet Labs, vRealize Automation (vRA)

Things I’m not doing for the VCP-CMA 2020 (Things I Might Do Later) (9 HOLs)

HOL-2001-01-CMP - vRealize Operations 7.5 - What's New
Modules: 7 - BBBBBBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-02-CMP - vRealize Operations - Optimize the Performance of Your vSphere Environment
Modules: 3 - BBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-03-CMP - vRealize Operations – Optimize and Plan vSphere Capacity and Costs
Modules: 5 - BBBBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-91-ISM-HOL - vRealize Operations 8 - What's New - Lightning Lab
Modules: 3 - BBB (Median B)
Products: vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-05-CMP - vRealize Operations Advanced Topics
Modules: 6 - IIIIII (Median I)
Products: PowerCLI, vRealize Operations (vROps)

HOL-2001-04-CMP - Troubleshooting, Remediation and Compliance with vRealize Operations
Modules: 5 - IIIIB (Median I)
Products: vRealize Log Insight, vRealize Operations (vROps), vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

HOL-2002-02-CMP - Network Insight and vRealize Network Insight - Getting Started
Modules: 6 - BBBIII (Median B/I)
Products: Network Insight

HOL-2002-01-CMP - Wavefront by VMware - Real-Time Metrics Analytics
Modules: 5 - BBIIA (Median I)
Products: VMware Wavefront

HOL-2021-05-CMP - vRealize Orchestrator - Advanced Topics
Modules: 6 - AAAAAA (Median A)
Products: vRealize Orchestrator (vRO)

Monday, 30 December 2019

Happy New Year 2020! (& Things to Study in 2020)


Happy New Year 2020!

Happy New Year 2020!
Have a highly successful new decade!
May your cup runneth over with whatever is most important to you:
Health. Good luck. Peace. Friendship. Satisfaction. Success. Money.

Things to study in 2020

I’ve been busy/focused-on-other-stuff in 2019, so haven’t done much on the Professional IT Certification front. I’d like to do more in 2020 (always useful to have a professional armoury of up-to-date and relevant certs.)

Googling around, I saw this post: 15 Top-Paying IT Certifications for 2019. Now I don’t fancy everything in that list (I have no plans to become an IT project manager for instance.) These are the ones that interest me (one I already have):

1. Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect
4. AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate (achieved in late 2017)
6. Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Server Infrastructure*
*I have been an MCSE in the distant past. The Azure certifications are the ones to go for in this age of cloud.

Above makes 2 non-NetApp certs (since I already have the AWS CSAA). The 3rd non-NetApp cert (1st cert I’m going to aim for), I already blogged about here:

See ‘Core Cloud Certifications Links...’ below.

Udemy

Udemy.com (see links below) is a very good source for training.

Linux Academy

You’ll also find lots of course on Linux Academy (mostly it’s Udemy in the ‘Core Cloud Certification Links...’ section) like:

AWS Concepts

AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate Level

Azure Concepts:

NetApp Certifications

I also need to refresh my NetApp certs (specifically the highlighted ones, some of which may lapse this year):

DATA TRACK: ASSOCIATE: NetApp Certified Technology Associate (NS0-002)
DATA TRACK: PROFESSIONAL: NetApp Certified Data Administrator, ONTAP (NS0-160)
DATA TRACK:  SPECIALIST: NetApp Certified Implementation Engineer SAN Specialist, ONTAP (NS0-509) Prerequisite: NS0-160
DATA TRACK:  SPECIALIST: NetApp Certified Implementation Engineer Data Protection Specialist (NS0-525) Prerequisite: NS0-160
DATA TRACK: PROFESSIONAL: NetApp Certified Storage Installation Engineer, ONTAP (NS0-182)
DATA TRACK: PROFESSIONAL: NetApp Certified Support Engineer (NS0-193)
DATA TRACK: SPECIALIST: NetApp Certified Support Engineer ONTAP Specialist (NS0-591) Prerequisite: NS0-193

HYBRID CLOUD TRACK: ASSOCIATE: NetApp Certified Technology Associate (NS0-002)
HYBRID CLOUD TRACK: SPECIALIST: NetApp Certified Hybrid Cloud Administrator (NS0-302)
HYBRID CLOUD TRACK: SPECIALIST: NetApp Certified Hybrid Cloud Implementation Engineer (NS0-402)
HYBRID CLOUD TRACK: EXPERT: NetApp Certified Hybrid Cloud Architect (NS0-602) Corequisite: cloud service provider certification

CI TRACK: ASSOCIATE: NetApp Certified Technology Associate (NS0-002)
CI TRACK: SPECIALIST: Cisco and NetApp FlexPod Design Specialist (NS0-173)

The INSIGHT 2019 session recordings are now available:
One of the hottest items for NetAppU is certification for hybrid cloud technical professionals - NetApp Certified Hybrid Cloud Implementation Engineer.
To learn more about hybrid cloud, some favourite sessions:

Notes on the NCIE-SAN certification
There are questions regards NVMe in the NCIE-SAN, so be sure to read:
- Know your NQN, Namespace, Subsystem, ANA and how they translate to FCP terminology
- Know what speeds NVME/FC supports
- Know how many NVME LIFS you can create
- Know that a single port can support FC and NVMe LIFs but not in the same SVM

5 cloudy LoD.netapp.com labs to check out:
- Getting Started with OnCommand Cloud Manager
- Achieving High Availability with Cloud Manager in AWS
- Achieving High Availability with Cloud Manager in Azure
- Started with Cloud Volumes Service v1.1
- Getting Started with Azure NetApp Files v1.0

NetApp Internal useful link for NetApp exam voucher:

Core Cloud Certifications Links - Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Azure, AWS

Google Cloud Platform

Google Free Tier Account

(GCE-A) Google Cloud Engineer - Associate (No Pre-reqs) (Exam: PRooo61)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

(GCCA-P) Google Certified Cloud Architect - Professional (Pre-reqs: GCE-A) (Exam: PRooo088)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

Microsoft Azure

Azure Free Tier Account

Microsoft Certification and Training Road Map

Microsoft Certified Azure Fundamentals (no Pre-reqs) (Exam: AZ-900)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate (no Pre-reqs) (Exam: AZ-103)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert (Pre-reqs: AZ-103) (Exam: AZ-300 & AZ-301)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

Microsoft: Special Offers: Certification and Exam Offers

AWS

AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner (No Pre-reqs) (Exam: CLF-C01)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate (No Pre-reqs) (Exam: SAA-C01)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Professional (Pre-req: SAA-C01) (Exam: SAP-C01)
Exam Preparation, Study Guide, Udemy & Training Links:

Note: NetApp: Swap udemy.com for netapp.udemy.com.

Tech Roundup - 31st December 2019

Stuff collated/new since Tech Roundup - 1st December 2019 with headings:

- Datadobi
- DevOps Books/Reading List
- NetApp
- Networking Fundamentals
- News
- Oracle
- Security
- Veeam

Datadobi
              
Datadobi - NAS Migration Software | Enterprise-Class Data Migration Software

DevOps Books/Reading List

Books available on Amazon:

The 2019 Accelerate State of DevOps: Elite performance, productivity, and scaling:

Site Reliability Engineering

Lets-DevOps/awesome-learning

NetApp


https://www.netapp.com/us/try-and-buy/test-drive/index.aspx (Check back often for new labs that will be added.)
Choose from these easy, no-cost ways to evaluate the features and functionality of NetApp products.
- Storage Tiering with FabricPool: Moving Cold Data from ONTAP to StorageGRID
- Enterprise Application Protection in the Data Fabric with ONTAP
- Understanding Trident: The Benefits of Persistent Storage on NetApp

NetApp Cloud (cloud.netapp.com):
Register for ANF (Azure NetApp Files): https://cloud.netapp.com/azure-netapp-files-register
“Performance so fast you’ll think you’re on premises. The powerful enterprise file storage service by Microsoft - Azure NetApp Files - delivers simplified data management and unmatched performance for Linux and Windows file-based applications.”

NetApp: Cloud Compliance for CVO Available Now!
“Cloud Compliance is now available for all NetApp Cloud Volumes ONTAP (CVO) customers. This new, free service empowers customers to take control of sensitive and personal data and support data privacy and compliance efforts. Cloud Compliance empowers CVO customers (ANF coming soon) to demonstrate compliance and automatically generate privacy and compliance reports across multi-cloud data in minutes. It runs in the background and has zero impact on data or operations, and it allows customers to map and identify sensitive data on their cloud in accordance with privacy regulations and generate data privacy compliance reports in seconds.”

NetApp Keystone

NetApp Blog (blog.netapp.com)

NetApp TechONTAP Podcast

NetApp.io (NetApp DevOps Community)

NetApp SnapCenter
From the ‘NetApp Data Broker 1.0.1 Data Protection Guide for VMs, Datastores, and VMDKs using the SnapCenter Plug-in for VMware vSphere’
Prerequisites for restoring guest files and folders:
Before you restore one or more files or folders from a VMDK on a Windows guest OS, you must be aware of all the requirements.
1) VMware Tools must be installed and running. SnapCenter uses information from VMware Tools to establish a connection to the VMware Guest OS.
2) The Windows Guest OS must be running Windows Server 2008 R2 or later.
3) The credentials for the target VM must specify the built-in domain administrator account or the built-in local administrator account. The username must be "Administrator." Before starting the restore operation, the credentials must be configured for the VM to which you want to attach the virtual disk. The credentials are required for both the attach operation and the subsequent restore operation. Workgroup users can use the built-in local administrator account. Attention: If you must use an account that is not the built-in administrator account, but has administrative privileges within the VM, you must disable UAC on the guest VM.

NetApp SnapCenter 4.3
Dec 12, 2019: NetApp SnapCenter Released
- Simplified SnapCenter High Availability (HA) Support:
SnapCenter can now work with external hardware load balancer f5 to provide HA capability in an active/passive mode configuration. With few simple cmdlets one can setup MySQL replication and enable HA for SnapCenter server.
- Concurrent upgrades of hosts:
You can now select multiple hosts and perform parallel upgrades of the hosts irrespective of the plugin type.

NetApp ONTAP
Mixed version support 9.1P19 -> 9.3 is allowed for a short duration.
> sysstat -x 1
> priv set advanced
> statit -b
wait....
> statit -e
> priv set
Also: sysstat -m, sysstat -M

NetApp Trident
Some use cases:
- Creating a shared PVC (PersistentVolumeClaim)
- Using snapshots for file recovery
- Dynamically resize a PVC
- Create instant clone of dataset

Image: Introducing Trident

Networking Fundamentals

[Video] 2011: Classless Interdomain Routing (CIDR)

[Video] 2010: Introduction to NAT and PAT Part 1

[Video] 2010: Introduction to NAT and PAT Part 2

News



Oracle

Oracle have provided many performance gathering and reporting tools over the years. Originally the UTLBSTAT/UTLESTAT scripts were used to monitor performance metrics. Oracle 8i introduced the Statspack functionality which Oracle 9i extended. In Oracle 10g statspack has evolved into the Automatic Workload Repository (AWR).
Note: This functionality requires Enterprise Edition and the Diagnostics and Tuning option.

Security

Unlike most ransomware strains, the Snatch ransomware also steals files from infected networks.

Cyber-security firm Emsisoft said it found a bug in Ryuk's decrypter app that makes file recovery impossible, even after paying the ransom demand.

OpenVPN, WireGuard, and IKEv2/IPSec VPNs are vulnerable to attacks!

Veeam


A Veeam product I wasn’t aware of:

“Well after months of trying to get this worked out, I finally got Synology support to remote in and take a look. They were awesome and after combing through logs and wireshark files, they finally were able to change the setting "Do not reserve disk space when creating files" to checked instead of unchecked and it INSTANTLY increased my speed from 3MB/s to over 60 MB/s (90MB/s+ at some points).”

Monday, 23 December 2019

NetApp ONTAP: What’s Involved in a Basic FAS/AFF Install?

Q: What’s involved in a NetApp ONTAP FAS/AFF Basic Install?

Officially, one (NetApp partner/NetApp representative) should use ConfigBuilder -
- to “ensure consistency in the way we install NetApp systems.” In practice I find the tool is a little out-of-date but it still provides a useful framework.

Image: NetApp ConfigBuilder

Below is my list (as always with everything on this blog - not official), based partially on ConfigBuilder, experience and other sources. I might add to the list as time goes by (this is not something I’ve been using, just thought it might be a useful thing to do).

Pre-Planning

Pre-planning call to go over the details and make sure the install will be a success first time!
- Cabinets size, space, and power
- All required back-end cabling present
- All required front-end cabling present/available

Hardware Setup Checklist

- Rack equipment
- Cable equipment (backend cabling)
- Cable equipment (frontend/data cabling)
- Set shelf IDs (if have external shelves)

Cluster Switch Setup (if present)

- Install correct switch OS
- Install correct RCF file

Configure switches:
- Switch name
- Management IP
- Management login

ONTAP Software Setup Checklist

Loader environment:
- Check date
- Can run sp setup

Maintenance mode:
- Check ucadmin settings
- Check MPHA
- Check ha-config

- Install the desired ONTAP version

Cluster setup:
- Node management interface
- Cluster name
- Admin password
- Cluster management interface
- DNS (hosts and search)

Join remaining nodes to the cluster:
- Node management interface

- Configure Service-Processors

- Rename nodes as required
- Rename LIFs as required

- Install license keys (I always do post cluster setup)

Networking:
- IFGRPs
- VLANs
- IPSpaces (if required)
- Broadcast Domains
- Routes

- Intercluster LIFs
- Cluster peering

Configure time:
- Timezone, date & time, NTP

- Create Aggregates

Create (Test/POC/Basic) SVM:
- SVM Management LIF
- SVM Data LIFs
- SVM Routes
- SVM DNS
- SVM Protocols (CIFS, NFS, iSCSI, FC)
- SVM Peering

- Configure AutoSupport

- Check SFO hwassist settings

- Run Config Advisor (and correct anything that needs correcting)

- Test failover/giveback (disable ASUP/set to MAINT prior to doing this)

ONTAP Advanced Configuration (not included in basic install)

- Change admin password (productionize)
- Security Roles
- Alerting (including adding cluster to OCUM/ActiveIQ Unified Manager)
- Certificates
- Data Protection
- Additional SVMs

Sunday, 22 December 2019

Collection of NetApp HCI Links and Notes: December 2019

“NetApp HCI is a scalable, on-premises hybrid cloud infrastructure that transforms your private cloud into a deployable region of your multicloud.”

Just a collection of NetApp HCI links and notes.
This stuff is focused towards installation, setup and configuration (delivery) of the solution.

Main Links


Note: 1.7P1 is the latest version at the time of going to press.

HCI Technical Reports (TRs)


SolidFire TRs which might be useful for HCI Deployments:

Some HCI NetApp Verified Architectures:
TRs On the Field Portal


KB Articles


Other Links

How to upgrade from NDE 1.4x to NDE 1.6
https://spinningflash.com/posts/2019/7/11/netapp-hci-16-is-available-heres-how-to-upgrade

How to add a new Storage Node to a NetApp HCI
https://derschmitz.com/2019/04/24/how-to-add-a-new-storage-node-to-a-netapp-hci/

NetApp HCI: The first installation. The force awakens (and it glows)
https://derschmitz.com/2017/12/15/netapp-hci-the-first-installation/

Mellanox MLAG and Cisco vPC Configuration and Troubleshooting
https://community.mellanox.com/s/article/mellanox-mlag-and-cisco-vpc-configuration-and-troubleshooting
"...Mellanox MLAG features do not support spanning tree with MLAG..."

Random Comments


With the NDE, you cannot deploy H410C and H610C at the same time. You can use NDE to add the H610C after.


HCI "Gateway Not Valid" - possible reasons:
1. Certain switches block ARPING and therefore NDE’s validation fails (even if you can ping the gateway via the NDE storage node.)
2. Is a native VLAN set across the 10GB ports? If native VLAN is not set correctly, validation will fail.
3. Incorrect switch port config. Verify you can ping the GW from Bond1G on the NDE node.
4. Validation error (i.e. does NDE only complain about the default management gateway under mNode)

The first 4 storage nodes in the HCI cluster need to be the same type.

“VCP plugin: Unauthorized Access Error” - resolved by using Chrome instead of IE.

Go to https://{mgmt_storage_node}:442 to enable LACP on Bond10g for H610S.

Validate the ESXi host’s VMware configuration (including VDS and port group configuration) using:
Note: If NDE fails at the final step of deploying the mNode and you can correct the issue that caused the failure (i.e. make sure ESXi hosts are fully configured and can see the SolidFire datastores - perhaps after a rescan), you can deploy the mNode manually.

URL for SF nodes to connect to AIQ (mNode = Management Node):
Source: Destination : Port : Description
mNode : sfsupport.solidfire.com : 22 : Reverse SSH tunnel for support access
mNode : https://repo.netapp.com/bintray/api/package : 443 : mNode service upgrades
mNode : https://netapp-downloads.bintray.com : 443 : mNode service upgrades
mNode : monitoring.solidfire.com : 443 : Storage cluster reporting to AIQ

H615C only allows a 2-cable config (so if you deployed as 6-cable and want to add the H615C, you must convert from 6 to 2 cable.)

Note: To convert from 6 to 2 cable see: TR-4738: Reconfiguring NetApp HCI Compute Interfaces
Be sure to review the networking documentation for HCI and vSphere beforehand:
HCI 1.7P1 Network Configuration
About vSphere 6.7U1 Networking

Image: NetApp HCI requires that the following vmk to vmnic interface mappings be in place:

The documentation states “set the LACP timers on the switches handling storage traffic to ‘fast mode (1s)’ for optimal failover detection time.”